Timeline of the Flanaess
The Greyhawk year consists of 364 days, split into twelve months of twenty-eight days each, and four seven-day festival weeks, each placed at three-month intervals. Different cultures in the campaign setting have their own names for the months and festivals. The months and festivals are commonly referred to as the Dozenmonth of Luna and the Four Festivals.
Normally, lay worship of deities is performed on each Godsday (weekly tithing and absolutions, for example). The holy days and high holy days are always marked by large gatherings of the faithful. Many faiths only accept initiate members on the god's high holy days, though specifics vary from faith to faith. Priests are always expected to attend and/or officiate services on each holy day. New members of the clergy are usually anointed on, just before, or just after a deity's high holy day.
Days of the Week
Days in Greyhawk are reckoned in weeks of seven days each. The days of the month are Starday, Sunday, Moonday, Godsday, Waterday, Earthday, and Freeday. Godsday is commonly associated with worship and Freeday with rest. The remaining days are considered “work days”. An interesting feature of the Greyhawk calendar is that the days of the week always occur on the same day every year, a result of the year having a number of days divisible by seven. The first of the month is always a Starday, and the rest follow as shown below.
- Starday (Work). Always on the 1st, 8th, 15th, and 22nd of the month.
- Sunday (Work). Always on the 2nd, 9th, 16th, and 23rd of the month.
- Moonday (Work). Always on the 3rd, 10th, 17th, and 24th of the month.
- Godsday (Worship). Always on the 4th, 11th, 18th, and 25th of the month.
- Waterday (Work). Always on the 5th, 12th, 19th, and 26th of the month.
- Earthday (Work). Always on the 6th, 13th, 20th, and 27th of the month.
- Freeday (Rest). Always on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th of the month.
The months and festivals are based on the cycles of Oerth's moons, Luna and Celene. Luna has a 28-day cycle, while Celene's cycle is 91 days. Celene is full at the midpoint of each festival, while Luna is full at various times throughout the year. Notably, both moons are full-on Richfest 3-5.
Months & Festival Weeks of the Year
- Needfest (Mid-Winter Festival - 1 Week)
- Fireseek (Winter - 4 weeks)
- Readying (Spring - 4 weeks)
- Coldeven (Spring - 4 weeks)
- Growfest (Start - Summer Festival - 1 week)
- Planting (Low Summer - 4 weeks)
- Flocktime (Low Summer - 4 weeks)
- Wealsun (Low Summer - 4 weeks)
- Richfest (Mid-Summer Festival - 1 week)
- Reaping (High Summer - 4 weeks)
- Goodmonth (High Summer - 4 weeks)
- Harvester (High Summer - 4 weeks)
- Brewfest (End-Summer Festival - 1 week)
- Patchwall (Autumn - 4 weeks)
- Ready'reat (Autumn - 4 weeks)
- Sunsebb (Winter - 4 weeks)
Eras of the Past
The following terms are sometimes used to describe eras in the history of eastern Oerik.
Age before Ages. Constituting the early history of the multiverse, when the forces of Law battled primal Chaos.
Epoch of Magic. Presumably including all of known history prior to 576 CY but definitely ending sometime before 998 CY.
Age of Glory. Suel dominance.
Age of Great Sorrow. The decline of the Great Kingdom of Aerdy.
Age of Worms. The Waiting Age, a time of death, decay, and writhing doom that lurks in the shadows of every tomorrow.
Events of the Past
The following timeline covers the major events of the last 100 years. These events are common knowledge, but some may be rumors. Also, these accounts and dates will vary from place-to-place and race-to-race. Player characters would know most of the following, but further details would require an Intelligence (History) check DC 15, or your character, family or community must have been directly involved in the event in question; see the DM for more information on the details of each event.
- On Reaping 10, Veluna secedes from Furyondy. It is celebrated as the Holy Day of Serenity as a day of worship of Rao.
- On Harvester 13, Margrave Roll of Bissel officially declares independence from Furyondy. It is celebrated thereafter as Rollo's Day.
- Iuz's adoptive father, a petty lord north of Whyestil Lake, dies. Iuz assumes rulership of his estate in the Howling Hills and begins conquering nearby realms.
- Might of Iuz grows. Humanoid invasions become common.
- Iggwilv attacks Perrenland from her Lost Caverns in the Yatils.
- Iggwilv begins her enslavement of Perrenland. The nobility flees to the realm's embassy in Exag.
- King Tavish IV of Keoland dies, ending Keoland's imperial period.
- Around this year, a paranoid Suloise mage settles in the town of Cantona and constructs his magically-protected fortification. For decades, his magical wards warp and fail, resulting in a region where magic is unreliable.
- Kamuran the Fortunate becomes Sultan of Zeif.
- Scarlet Brotherhood in the Tilvanot Peninsula invaded by unknown forces. It is later expunged from the Brotherhood's official histories.
- Iggwilv's reign of terror in Perrenland ends when she is defeated by a demon prince she summoned. Perrenland overthrows her rule and destroys her minions. A two-year famine begins.
- Irith Van orders the construction of Hesuel Ilshar, headquarters of the Scarlet Brotherhood.
- The Telless ve Turu Decada, a secret society dedicated to halting the spread of evil, is founded.
- Linia Hoistreth of Safeton dies. Her library is donated to the local sages' guild, but Slerotin's Manifesto is misfiled in a warehouse.
- The Cairn Hills town of Diamond Lake hosts an order of monks, preoccupied with astronomy, at the Diamond Lake Observatory.
- The City of Greyhawk nationalizes the Cairn Hills smelting trade.
- First known outbreak of the Red Death plague in the Flanaess.
- Count Granus of Pregmere attempts to seize the capital of Geoff. Grand Duke Rohan III was slain.
- Duchy of Urnst selects a new duke from House Lorinar, establishing a dynasty.
- Greyhawk becomes a free city. It severs its ties with the Great Kingdom.
- County of Urnst becomes palatinate under the Duchy of Urnst.
- Hateful Wars begin. Orcs and other humanoids are driven out of the Lortmils by neighboring realms.
- Ket besieges Thornward for a year.
- Bakhoury subjugation begins in Zeif.
- By this date, Iuz the Old controls the lands north of Lake Wyestil.
- Zuoken stops manifesting to his faithful.
- Iuz disappears, imprisoned by Zagig Yragerne.
- Zagig uses nine trapped demigods to ascend to divinity, becoming the demigod Zagyg. The trapped demigods remain imprisoned, and Zagyg is not seen again.
- Siege of Jurnre.
- Mordenkainen born.
- Hateful Wars end.
- The Free City of Greyhawk quietly grants official authorization to the city's Guild of Thieves.
- Rise of the Horned Society, formed by landholders rebelling against the lands of Iuz after his disappearance.
- Humanoids take the Pomarj. Orcs and goblins emerge from the Suss Forest and sack Highport. With months they have conquered most of the Pomarj.
- The Crescent League, a secret society of warriors, is founded by refugees from the Pomarj.
- Battle of Opicm River.
- A ship of Duxchan sinks, carrying thousands of gold pieces worth of pearls and precious metals.
- Jaran Krimeeah attempts to usurp the throne of the Great Kingdom.
- Journals of drow wizard Eldarath Allythyr of Erelhei-Cinclu captured when he is killed by wizards of the Society of the Magivestre of Geoff. The journals describe a book called Vecna's Ineffable Variorum.
- The mage Thillion Dern of Bissel dies without an heir. The Nethertome of Iggwilv is found in his possession, where it is sold at auction to a mage named Gelvin Torlar.
- Elven mage thief Sylvanon Sunshimmer steal's Slerotin's Manifesto. It is soon stolen from him by another thief.
- Tenser born in the city of Fax.
- A mine collapses near Diamond Lake, Cairn Hills. Over 300 miners die in the disaster.
- On Flocktime 5, Dyvers declares independence from Furyondy. King Thrommel II accepts.
- The Sand Battle in Zeif.
- The unscrupulous mage Ulavant leads an expedition to the Whispering Cairn.
- Drawmij born.
- Last heir to the line of Iolavai marries into the Silverfox family.
- Gelvin Torlar finally agrees to sell the Nethertome to an unknown buyer.
- Selim the Scoundrel becomes Sultan of Zeif.
- Anders Land, the father of Alastor Land, is born.
- The mage Shanadar Vantros of the Great Kingdom acquires Acererak's Libram.
- Internal conflict erupts within the Greyhawk Guild of Thieves, lasting nearly two years. The guild is weakened, allowing the Beggar's Union to rise in power.
- Bemissa Land, the father of Alastor Land, is born.
- Bigby born approximately this year.
- Warnes Starcoat born.
- Belvor IV assumes the throne of Furyondy.
- Nystul born.
- Otto born.
- Jaran Krimeeah's travels take him to the Valley of the Mage.
- The mountain dwarf Obmi is enslaved by the fire giant king Snurre Ironbelly of the Hellfurnaces.
- Siege of Zirat.
- Jallarzi Sallavarian born.
- Two decades of conflict begin along the Ritensa River.
- Coldaran Land, the sibling of Alastor Land, is born.
- Obmi is granted his freedom by king Snurre Ironbelly and continues to serve as an advisor to the fire giant king.
- Alastor Land is born.
- Alhamazad the Wise suffers a broken leg when exploring the Pinnacles of Azor'alq, and retires to the city of Zeif thereafter.
- Murad the Proud becomes Sultan of Zeif.
- Ivid V ascends to the Malachite Throne.
- Monsters from the Hanging Glacier of Alisedran attack the Schnai barbarians, part of a regular 20-year cycle.
- Robilar begins his adventuring career.
- Prince Drax becomes Lord of Rel Astra.
- Following years of small-scale raids, savage humanoids begin to invade the Bone March. A full-scale invasion occurs the following year.
- Mordenkainen founds the adventuring group known as the Citadel of Eight. He is inspired by Zagig's Company of Seven.
- Lord Robilar builds the Green Dragon Inn, funded by treasure looted from Castle Greyhawk. Ricard Damaris retires from adventuring to become its proprietor.
- Orcs and gnolls emerge en masse from the Rakers and sweep across the Bone March.
- The Qolat Sisterhood sees a terrible vision. Thirty-six Flan dervish priests gather at the Plain of Spears and resurrect the god Vathris the Transfixed.
- Adventurers accidentally release Fraz-Urb'luu from imprisonment beneath Castle Greyhawk.
- Bone March falls to humanoids.
- Orcs from the Rakers invade Spinecastle. Marquis Clement was slain after a long siege.
- Gertia Land, the sibling of Alastor Land, is born.
- King Trevlyan III of Keoland dies without an heir. Kimbertos Skotti, Duke of Grayhill, is elected to succeed him.
- Latmac Ranold of Duxchan becomes the new prince of the Lordship of the Isles.
- Jian Destron, son and sole hair of Szek Edward Destron of Onwall, is born around this year.
- Robilar and Yrag bring the child murderer Sir Bluto Sans Pite to justice. They are rewarded by the Free City of Greyhawk with noble titles.
- The lands for ten miles around Ice Spire, an ancient keep on the Tusk Peninsula, are suddenly transformed into an icy wasteland. Ancient pre-Aerdi magic is suspected.
- Alastor Land runs away from home but is killed while exploring the Whispering Cairn.
- The Rovers of the Barrens conduct a few lights raids into the edges of the Fellreev.
- Herzog Chelor sends men to investigate Ice Spire. Two members of the expedition are driven insane, and the rest do not survive.
- A temple of evil establishes an army, raiding hill folk and gnomes.
- Battle of Emridy Meadows. Prince Thrommel of Furyondy leads an army to defeat a horde of evil. A temple devoted to evil is destroyed.
- Stalman Klim leaves Suderham.
569 CY to 573 CY
- Stalman Klim founds "The Nine" (the Slavelords).
- Keoish coastal town of Saltmarsh threatened by sahuagin.
- Two decades of skirmishing along the Ritensa River finally end.
- A group of powerful adventurers including Mordenkainen, Robilar, Rigby, and Tenser attempt to slay Iuz, who is imprisoned beneath Castle Greyhawk. They accidentally free Iuz instead. Lord Robilar is run out of town.
- After the accidental freeing, good-aligned troops raze Robilar's estate, driving the fighter into exile.
- The skeptical Justinian becomes Duke of Urnst. His hostility toward organized religion sparks the Temple Coalition Revolt.
- Drow exile Tysiln San becomes apprentice and lover of Jaran Krimeeah in the Valley of the Mage.
- In Fireseek, Mordenkainein founds the Circle of Eight. Its initial members are Bigby, Otto, Rary, Nystul, Drawmij, Bucknard, and two others.
- Most churches withdraw from the Duchy of Urnst after the duke burns down the Temple of Zilchus for refusal to pay higher taxes. Duke Justinian's reign ends. He dies in battle later that year when no cleric will heal him.
- Warnes Starcoat foils a plot by Nyrondese nobles against the County of Urnst. He is appointed to the Joint Courts of Urnst. (Return of the Eight p.59)
A fire burns part of the Celadon Forest.
- Theobald of the Greyhawk Beggar's Union attempts to seize power in the Free City of Greyhawk. In Harvester, the city's Guild of Thieves responds to the death of a member by crushing the Beggar's Union in a raid on its headquarters, in which Theobald is ousted. Peaceful co-operation between the Guild and the Union is restored.
- Karll succeeds his younger brother Justinian as Duke of Urnst. An archmage known as the Seer is expelled from court.
- The Battle of Medegia is fought between the Sea Barons and the Lordship of the Isles. The Sea Barons are victorious.
- This year, Mordenkainen meets Alhamazad the Wise during a crisis in Zeif, becoming strong allies. Alzahamad's traitorous apprentice flees.
- Scarlet Brotherhood first reported on the Tilvanot Peninsula.
- Prince Thrommel of Furyondy/Provost of Veluna kidnapped.
- Prince Jeon assumes the throne of the Sea Princes.
- Bigby forced from his tower in Oldridge after the conflict with the two-headed lich Xaene.
- Tenser joins the Circle of Eight.
- Warnes Starcoat rises to fame when he defeats the Weird, a creature terrorizing the Gnatmarsh.
- Circle of Eight quietly sponsors adventurers to sack Iggwilv's former headquarters in the Tsojcanth Caverns.
- Warnes Starcoat defeats the sorceress Weird of Gnatmarsh. He claims the legendary Starcoat from which he gains his current name.
- Ratik defeats an army of humanoids.
- The River of Blood murders is stopped after Robilar and Yrag confront Bluto Sans Pite. The two are ennobled soon after.
- The plague known as the Red Death sweeps across the Flanaess.
- Guide to the World of Greyhawk completed by the Savant-Sage.
- Leomund retires from the Circle of Eight and Otiluke replaces him.
- 1,000 year anniversary of the founding of the Scarlet Brotherhood. Their millennialist faction, following the prophecies of the martyred heretic Huro, believes a miracle will occur which purifies and strengthens the Brotherhood.
- Monsters from the Hanging Glacier of Alisedran attack the Schnai barbarians, part of a regular 20-year cycle.
- Baron Grellus of Restonford assassinated.
- Slavelords begin operations across the Flanaess.
- Iggwilv reappears.
- Expedition to Blackmoor by the Archmage Marinian of Willip is lost without a trace.
- Pietain Morvannis arrives in Greyhawk, and begins making his name at "the Pit."
- Duke Eyeh II of Tenh killed in the Battle of Rockegg Pass against Hold of Stonefist.
- Battle of Loftwood, a combined Ratik/Fruztii force, destroys the humanoid forces under the Vile Rune orcs of the Bone March.
- Iuz lays siege to Eru-Tovar.
- Bandit Kingdoms make forays into Tenh, the Pale, Nyrond, County of Urnst, parts of the Shield Land, and Furyondy.
- Iuz’s forces take large portions of the Vesve.
- A great rumbling was heard as the ground across the Flanaess shook.
- Ivid V calls for a meeting of the dukes and barons.
- Invasion of the Shield Lands by the Horned Society and the Bandit Kingdoms.
- Many great evils across the flanaess were cornered and destroyed by unknown perpetrators.
- Evil is found to be growing again in an area surrounding an ancient temple of evil.
- The Shield Lands fall to the invaders. Shield Landers flee to Greyhawk during the conquest by Iuz.
- The Scarlet Brotherhood moves in the shadows across the area, plotting and scheming.
- Jallarzi Sallavarian replaces Bucknard on the Circle of Eight.
- Iuz conquers Horned Society during the Blood Moon Festival.
- Open war breaks out across the Flanaess, history will come to call this "The Greyhawk Wars."
- Queen Yolande of Celene declares neutrality of her realm, and imposes a strict isolationism.
- Ivid V is assassinated, but somehow returns to his iron-throne.
- Keoish elves stop the advance of the Scarlet Brotherhood army in Dreadwood, and halts the attempted invasion of Gradsul.
- "The Day of the Great Signing" was to have ended three years of war that ravaged the Flanaess, the Greyhawk Wars had come to an end. Instead, the day ended in a great magical fire that destroyed the building where the event was to take place. Tensor and Otiluke, lay dead, a third, Bigby was badly wounded. Rary, a member of the Circle of Eight, and his co-conspirator, Lord Robilar, were nowhere to be found. Rary’s tower in Lopolla vanished also. Months later, the duo and the tower surfaced in the Bright Desert.
- Ket allies with Iuz, and promptly attacks Bissel.
- Giants and evil humanoid raid the Grand Duchy of Geoff, Sterich, and the Yeomanry. Geoff and Sterich are all conquered by the invaders.
- Keoland, Gran March, the Ulek States and the Yeomanry enter into the "Treaty of Niole Dra", a mutual-defense pact and military alliance.
- Warnes Starcoat, Ahlhamazad the Wise, and Theodain Eriason become members of the Circle of Eight.
- A great tide turns against evil, which becomes known as the "Flight of Fiends".
- The Great Kingdom comes to an effective end, as it splinters into two major states - the United Kingdom of Ahlissa and the North Kingdom of Aerd - and numerous minor states. Ivid V, the Overking, rules Rauxes as essentially a no-man's land.
- Forces from Keoland invade the Hold of Sea Princes and capture Westkeep.
- The "yellow-sails" of the revived Slavers begin to terrorize the waters of the central Flanaess.
- Vecna escapes an imprisonment, he return to Oerth.
- Hand of Vecna surfaces in the central Flanaess.
- Iuz attempts to invade the Free City of Greyhawk through its dungeons, but is repelled.
Thus it begins.